Migrants : la Libye interdit les navires étrangers près de ses côtes

13 Août, 2017, 23:34 | Author: Claudine Rigal
  • Médecins sans frontières suspend en partie ses activités de sauvetage aux migrants en Méditerranée

Sur franceinfo, samedi, Françoise Boucher-Saulmier, la directrice juridique de MSF, a évoqué la menace posée par les garde-côtes libyens et les entraves imposées par le gouvernement italien.

"Médecins sans frontières" a déjà indiqué qu'elle suspend les activités de son plus gros navire de secours aux migrants en Méditerranée.

La marine libyenne a annoncé jeudi la création au large du territoire d'une zone de recherche et de sauvetage, qu'elle interdit sauf autorisation aux navires étrangers, en particulier aux ONG patrouillant pour secourir des migrants.

Médecins sans Frontières a suspendu, samedi 12 août, ses opérations de sauvetage de migrants en Méditerranée mais continuera à assurer la logistique et l'assistance sanitaire sur l'Aquarius de SOS Méditerranée, qui se trouve actuellement dans les eaux internationales.

Ce dimanche, un seul navire d'ONG était encore au large des côtes libyennes. A ses distances habituelles: 15 à 18 milles des côtes le jour - suffisamment près pour distinguer le relief libyen depuis le bateau -, 30 à 35 milles la nuit pour éviter les filets des pêcheurs. "La décision de MSF rentre aussi dans le cadre d'un réajustement des équilibres: ces eaux ne sont plus à personne, mais sont celles de la Libye", a-t-il lancé.

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Pour lui, la moindre présence des ONG, accusées par leurs détracteurs d'être devenues des "taxis" de migrants, est plutôt positive.

"La poursuite de nos opérations de secours n'est pas possible dans ces circonstances, et nous ne pouvons pas les justifier auprès de nos équipages", a déclaré le fondateur de Sea Eye, Michael Buschheuer. Rome, soutenue par l'UE, vient de négocier avec les ONG un code de conduite exigeant transparence et coopération avec les autorités, signé désormais par la quasi-totalité des organisations.

En parallèle, une enquête menée à l'Ouest de la Sicile a conduit à la saisie du bateau d'une ONG allemande pour des soupçons de liens directs avec des trafiquants au large de la Libye.

Quatre personnes au total ont été citées dans cette enquête: deux commandants, un membre d'équipage, ainsi qu'un prêtre érythréen très actif dans l'aide aux migrants. Parti le lendemain de cette annonce pour la zone des secours, le Vos Hestia de Save the Children, s'est pour sa part dérouté vers l'île italienne de Lampedusa, mais l'ONG britannique n'a pas donné d'explication dans l'immédiat.

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