Le chemin vers la paix mène aussi à Rome — Centrafrique

20 Juin, 2017, 18:07 | Author: Claudine Rigal
  • Accord entre le gouvernement et les groupes armés en Centrafrique

Sous l'égide de la communauté catholique Sant'Egidio, un accord de paix entre le gouvernement centrafricain et les groupes armés a été signé ce 19 juin à Rome.

La communauté de Sant'Egidio a joué un rôle clé pour négocier un accord de paix au Mozambique.

Au micro de RFI, Mauro Garafolo, chargée des affaires extérieures de la communauté Sant'Egidio s'est montré optimiste.

Les travaux auront duré sept mois avant que le gouvernement centrafricain, les groupes armés et la communauté Sant'Egidio trouvent un terrain d'entente.

Les parties se sont engagées notamment à un cessez-le-feu immédiat sur tout le territoire centrafricain, "sous le contrôle de la communauté internationale", selon le texte de cet accord, rendu public au siège romain de cette communauté, très impliquée dans des médiations de paix, notamment en Afrique.

Le gouvernement, dans cet accord, préconise la représentativité des groupes armés à tous les niveaux et la reconnaissance de ces groupes comme partie prenante de la reconstruction.

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En tout cas, la population peut s'attendre à ce que la circulation sur le territoire national ne soit plus obstruée par des barrières illégales que dressaient les milices, et espérer le retour des compatriotes qui ont fui le pays à cause des combats. Le pays a depuis élu un nouveau Président en la personne de Faustin-Archange Touadéra.

Plusieurs accords du genre visant à mettre fin aux violences ont été déjà signés avec les groupes armés pendant la transition à Brazzaville et à Bangui pendant des dialogues politiques.

Ce dernier s'adressera au Conseil de sécurité lundi à propos des efforts en cours pour persuader certains des 14 groupes armés en Centrafrique d'abandonner le conflit armé pour se joindre à des négociations.

Même regard, mais plus incisif, pour Thierry Vircoulon, chercheur à l'Ifri et spécialiste de la région: "La crise centrafricaine ne manque pas d'accords de paix, elle manque de forces pour les faire respecter".

Il est aussi question dans l'accord de l'insertion dans les corps de défense "des membres des groupes politico-militaires".

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